Closing The Gap: 2017
Australia is failing on six of the seven target areas to improve Indigenous disadvantage.
In 2006, Australia’s peak Indigenous and non-Indigenous health bodies, non-government organisations and human rights organisations initiated the Close the Gap Campaign to achieve equality for health and life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people by 2030.
Close The Gap Campaign
The campaign was deemed necessary as Australia has one of the world’s worse life expectancy gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
As a response, the National Indigenous Reform Agreement was agreed by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). The Reform Agreement outlined two health/medical goals and four educational/employment goals to be achieved in partnership with Indigenous community and health organisations. A further education target related to school attendance rates was added in May 2014.
These goals were to:
Improve Indigenous life expectancy to the Australian average by 2031;
Halve the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous mortality rates;
Ensure that 95% of all Indigenous four year olds are enrolled in early childhood education by 2025 (revised goal);
Close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous school attendance by 2018;
Halve the gap in reading, writing and numeracy achievements for Indigenous students by 2018;
Halve the gap for Indigenous students in Year 12 (or equivalent) attainment rates by 2020; and
Halve the gap in employment outcomes between Indigenous and other Australians by 2018.